What Is Arabica Coffee? The Difference Between Arabica and Robusta Coffee

what is arabica coffee

Are you wondering what is arabica coffee? You have probably heard of Arabica coffee but aren’t sure exactly what it is. It’s one of the two main types of coffee grown in the world. The other type is Robusta coffee. Both have a variety of similarities but also have their differences and we are excited to share everything you need to know about these two coffee types today! 

What Is Arabica Coffee?

Arabica coffee comes from the coffee arabica plant. About 60% of the global production of coffee is Arabica. Arabica coffee has been around for centuries, it was first found in Yemen and was first recorded and written about in the 12th century. 

What Does Arabica Coffee Taste Like?

Arabica coffee tends to be sweet and less acidic. It also has a heavier body to it. It’s common to have floral, fruit, and chocolate notes in Arabica coffee. Generally, it will taste brighter and clean too when compared to Robusta coffee. 

Where Is Arabica Coffee Grown?

The majority of Arabica coffee is grown in South America and Africa. Arabica coffee is grown near the equator because it grows best in tropical climates. You’ll find Arabica coffee beans coming from a variety of countries such as Brazil, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Ecuador, Mexico, Rwanda, etc. 

What is Robusta Coffee?

Robusta coffee comes from the coffea robusta plant. It is typically used for espresso and instant coffee. It’s the lesser popular type of coffee between Arabica and Robusta. This is typically due to the taste. It is easier to grow than Arabica coffee and can be cheaper in price. It also has twice as much caffeine as Arabica coffee but still typically tends to be the lesser popular of the two.

What Does Robusta Coffee Taste Like?

Robusta coffee has a more strong and harsh flavor when compared to Arabica coffee. 

It’s also richer and if it’s high-quality it can have a deep flavor. 

Where is Robusta Coffee Grown?

Robusta coffee plants are grown only in the Eastern Hemisphere. Mostly in Indonesia and Africa. It is also produced in Vietnam, Brazil, India, Uganda, Malaysia, the Philippines, Guatemala, and Madagascar. 

Which is Better? Arabica or Robusta?

Although it depends on personal taste, the general consensus is that Arabica is better than Robusta. Arabica is lighter, smoother, and sweeter than Robusta coffee. Robusta coffee tends to be a bit harsher and more bitter. 

Wrapping Up

We hope we answered your question about what is arabica coffee and what the difference is between Arabica and Robusta coffee! It’s good to be familiar with the two most popular types of coffee produced globally and understand the difference between the two. They have distinct differences and we recommend trying both to see which you like best! 

Curious to learn more about different types of coffee? Click here to read our article that goes into depth about what red eye coffee is!